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[BOOK] 'The macabresque : human violation and hate in genocide, mass atrocity and enemy-making' Edward Weisband, Oxford University Press 2018(self) 1 [BOOK] Scotland After the Ice Age Environment, Archaeology and History 8000 BC - AD 1000(self) 1 [Book] Ethics of Captivity edited by Lori Gruen(self) 1 [Book] Aspects of American History By Simon Henderson(self) 1 [Book] The Soviet Colossus History and Aftermath By Michael G. Kort(self) 1 [BOOK] Challenges to Political Decision-making Dealing with Information Overload, Ignorance and Contested Knowledge(self) 5 [Article] The EU Competition Law Fining System: A Reassessment, Damien Geradin(self) 1 [Book] Russia and the USSR, 1855–1991 Autocracy and Dictatorship ByStephen J. Lee(self) 1 [Book] Søren Kierkegaard: Epistemology and psychology : Kierkegaard and the recoil from freedom - Daniel W. Conway, K. E. Gover(self) 4 [ARTICLE] 'A History of Reason in the Age of Insanity: The Deconstruction of Foucault in Hegel’s Phenomenology' The Owl of Minerva, Volume 25, Issue 1, Fall 1993, Andrew Cutrofello Pages 15-21(self) 1 [BOOK] Mere Civility by Teresa M. Bejan(self) 2 [book] The Philosophy Shop by Peter Worley(self) 1 [BOOK] Sentenciando Trafico - Marcelo Semer(self) 1 [Article] GENETIC INSTABILITY ASSOCIATED WITH BREAK-INDUCED REPLICATION(self) 1 [Article] Properties of elastic bodies in contact - J. Dundurs 1975(self) 2 [Article] Transition alumina phases induced by heat treatment of boehmite: An X-ray diffraction and infrared spectroscopy study(self) 1 [Book] Russian Companion by James Cooper(self) 1 [Book] Model Stock Purchase Agreement with Commentary, by American Bar Association(self) 1 [Book] A History of Modern France By Jeremy D. Popkin(self) 1 [Book] Mathematical Notation: A Guide for Engineers and Scientists(self) 1 [Book] The Epistemological Significance of the Interrogative by James Somerville(self) 1 [Book] Looking for Managing Human Resources 11e. by Cascio, Wayne F.(self) 4 [Article] XVIII. The arrangement of atoms in crystals(self) 4 [Article] I am looking for "The Myth of Cartesian Privacy"(self) 5 [Book] Litigating morality : American legal thought and its English roots(self) 4 [Article] Child-on-child sexual abuse: An investigation of behavioral and emotional sequelae(self) 1 [Book] La proyección del neoliberalismo: Las transformaciones del cine mexicano (1988–2012)(self) 1 [Book] Handbook of Research on Online Discussion-Based Teaching Methods - Lesley Wilton and Clare Brett(self) 2 [Article] Turning up the Lights on Gaslighting by Kate Abramson in Philosophical Perspectives, 2014.(self) 8 [Book] Punishment and Social Structure by Rusche and Kirchheimer(self) 3 [Article] A Strong Leader for A Time of Crisis: Xi Jinping’s Strongman Politics as A Collective Response to Regime Weakness(self) 1 [Book] Nünning, Ansgar and Carola Surkamp - Englische Literatur unterrichten I: Grundlagen und Methoden(self) 2 [Article] Multicultural attitudes and cultural intelligence of preschool teachers, by Çağrı Peköz, Ayşe Işık Gürşimşek , 2020(self) 4 [Book] Statistics for Business and Economics, 4th Edition, 2017, David Anderson, Dennis Sweeney, Thomas Williams, Jim Freeman, Eddie Shoesmith(self) 4 [Article] Evaluation of Occupant Loading in Low- to Moderate-Speed Frontal and Rear-End Motor Vehicle Collisions(self) 1 [Book] Theories of Multiculturalism by George Crowder(self) 6 [BOOK] A Dictionary of Critical Theory (2nd Ed.) by Ian Buchanan(self) 0 "The People’s Charter and the Enigmatic Mr. Maltman Barry", by Paul Martinez (1980) [Article](self) 4 [Book] Rössner, Philipp (ed) 2015 On Commerce and Usury (1524) by Martin Luther. Anthem Press.(self)NSFW 4 [Article] Electronic documents give reproducible research a new meaning(self) 1 [ARTICLE] A Three Square Geometry Problem by Charles Trigg(self) 1 [BOOK] Structure And Mechanism In Protein Science: A Guide To Enzyme Catalysis And Protein Folding (Structural Biology) Reprint Edition(self) 1 [BOOK] Genetic Analysis: Genes, Genomes, and Networks in Eukaryotes 2nd Edition by Philip Meneely(self) 2 [Article] Ultimate Strength Design of Reinforced Concrete Chimmneys. Rumman, W.S., and Sun, R. Y.,1977(self) 1 [book] Signs of civilisation : the characters that changed Europe(self) 1 [Book] Social Class : How Does It Work? by Annette Lareau; Dalton Conley(self) 1 [book] Garner's Dictionary of Legal Usage Third Edition(self) 1 [book] The Integration of MILLION into the English System of Number Words(self) 1 [Book] Connected Speech: The Interaction of Syntax and Phonology - Ellen Kaisse(self) 2 [BOOK] Statistics Using R: An Integrative Approach(self) 4 [Article] Rethinking International Institutionalisation through Treaty Organs by Gloria Fernández Arribas(self) 1 [Book] Parasitic Gaps - Peter W. Culicover and Paul M. Postal(self) 4 [Book] The Global Economy A Concise History Edited By Franco Amatori, Andrea Colli(self) 7 [Article] "Sorting out the ethics of propaganda", Stanley Cunningham(self) 1 [Book] Diet, Life-Style, and Mortality in China: A Study of the Characteristics of 65 Chinese Counties(self) 2 [Article] “Some Degenerate Entrepreneur Fleeing From a Medicine Show”: Judge Holden in The Age of P.T. Barnum(self) 4 [Article] Christoph Witzel and Matteo Toscani, "How to make a #theDress," J. Opt. Soc. Am. A 37, A202-A211 (2020)(self) 4 [Article] [Heinonline] The Emergence and Fallacy of 'China's Debt-Trap Diplomacy' Narrative(self) 5 [Article] [Heinonline] US-Philippines Defense Cooperation during the Duterte Administration: Adjustments and Limitations(self) 8 [Supplement] Polariton Z Topological Insulator, A. V. Nalitov, D. D. Solnyshkov, and G. Malpuech(self) 4 [BOOK] HILL, Christopher. Intellectual Origins of the English Revolution - Revisited.(self) 11 [Article] Post-National Citizenship in Europe: The EU as a Welfare Rights Generator, by Marlene Wind.(self)NSFW 4 [Chapter] The Russian and Chinese Revolutions Compared S. A. Smith from The Oxford Handbook of Modern Russian History(self) 2 [Book] Beyond the Annual Budget: Global Experience with Medium Term Expenditure Frameworks(self) 1 [Book] How Art Can Be Thought: A Handbook for Change - Allan deSouza(self) 1 [Article] Surgical treatment of neuromuscular scoliosis: current techniques(self) 5 [Chapter] Desire, Mimetic Theory, and Original Sin(self) 1 [Book] Dayen, David 2020 Monopolized Life: in the Age of Corporate Power. 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The association patterns between 2D:4D ratio and field of study by Kainz, Sarah; Weitzer, Jakob; Zingale, Stefania; Köllner, Johanna; Albrecht, Cornelia; Gaidora, Angelika; Rudorfer, Marie-Theres; Nürnberger, Anna; Kirchengast, Sylvia(self) 1 [Book] The Crisis of Criticism - Maurice Berger (editor)(self) 2 [Book] Handbook of Nonprescription Drugs: An Interactive Approach to Self-Care, 19th Edition(self) 1 [Book] 'Le discours pornographique' Marie-Anne Paveau, La Musardine, 2014(self) 8 [Article] Allocation and Operation of A Hydropneumatic Energy Storage with Building Microgrid(self) 1 [ARTICLE] L'information internationale en Amérique du Sud: les agences et les réseaux, circa 1874-1919, 2013(self) 1 [Book] The Beaultiful Fall: Fashion, Genius and Glorious Excess in 1970s Paris, Alicia Drake(self) 4 [BOOK] 'Sociology and the Sacred: An Introduction to Philip Rieff's Theory of Culture' Antonius A.W. Zondervan, University of Toronto Press, 2005(self) 1 [Article] Flavell, J. (1987). Speculations about the nature and development of metacognition. In F. Weinert & R. Kluwe (Ed.), Metacognition, motivation, and understanding (p. 21-29). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum.(self) 1 [Book] Health Policy Management: A Case Approach 1st Edition(self) 3 [BOOK] Visions and Ideas of Europe during the First World War, 2019(self) 4 [Article] Opioids After Surgery in the United States Versus the Rest of the World The International Patterns of Opioid Prescribing (iPOP) Multicenter Study by Kaafarani, Haytham M. A. MD, MPH*; Han, Kelsey BSc*; El Moheb, Mohamad MD et al(self) 1 [ARTICLE] "Who Is This?" Narration of the Divine Identity of Jesus in Matthew 21:10—17, Andrew E. 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Kittrie(self) 3 [Article] Dismantling Restrictive Gender Norms: Can Better Designed Paternal Leave Policies Help? by Negar Omidakhsh, Aleta Sprague, & Jody Heymann(self) 1 [BOOK] Modernization from the Other Shore: American Intellectuals and the Romance of Russian Development by David Engerman(self) 1 [Article] Torsional Response of Reinforced Fibrous Concrete Beams(self) 1 [Book] Language change by Joan Bybee(self) 1 [Book] [Taylor and Francis] The Routledge Handbook of North American Languages(self) 3 [Thesis] "Gas-Surface Desorption and Scattering Processes: Development and Application of the Random Corrugation Model"(self) 1 [Book] Reinventing the Museum: The Evolving Conversation on the Paradigm Shift (2nd Edition)(self) 1 [BOOK] When Police Kill - Franklin Zimring(self) 1 [article] DNA Vaccine Delivery and Improved Immunogenicity Kevin R. Porter and Kanakatte Raviprakash(self) 7 [BOOK] 'The Triumph of the Therapeutic: Uses of Faith after Freud', Philip Rieff, 1973(self) 1 [book] Verbs, Clauses and Constructions: Functional and Typological Approaches(self) 6 [Book] Special Duty: A History of the Japanese Intelligence Community by Richard J. Samuels(self) 7 [BOOK] The Right to Know: Transparency of an Open World by Ann Florini(self) 4 [BOOK] At Home in Two Countries: The Past and Future of Dual Citizenship by Peter J Spiro(self) 1 [BOOK] 'Mesolithic Europe' Geoff Bailey & Penny Spikins, 2008/2010(self) 7 [BOOK] 'Nietzsche and the Clinic: Psychoanalysis, Philosophy, Metaphysics' Jared Russell, 2017(self) 1 [book] Lexical Properties of Selected Non-native Morphemes of English(self) 4 [BOOK] 'Wild Things: Recent advances in Palaeolithic and Mesolithic research' Frederick W. F. 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Breaking the Mould in Southern Europe - Anna Bosco & Susannah Verney(self) 4 [Article] Legal and Ethical Imperatives for Using Certified Sign Language Interpreters in Health Care Settings(self) 5 [Article] Bottles and Bricks: Rethinking the Prohibition against Violent Political Protest by Jennifer Kling & Megan Mitchell(self) 6 [Book] Corruption in International Investment Arbitration - Aloysius Llamzon(self) 5 [Article] Sports prediction and betting models in the machine learning age: The case of Tennis, Wilkes 2019.(self) 1 [chapter] Handwriting Recognition Systems and Applications(self) 3 [Article] Designing robust policies under deep uncertainty for mitigating epidemics, Siddhartha Paul, Jayendran Venkateswaran(self) 4 [ARTICLE] IJSSSP: TLS Certificates of the Tor Network and Their Distinctive Features(self) 1 [Book] Methods in Yeast Genetics and Genomics, 2015 Edition: A CSHL Course Manual(self) 3 [Article] Optically improved mitochondrial function redeems aged human visual decline(self) 4 [ARTICLE] Getting Involved with Time: Notes on the Analysis of a Schizoid Man (PROQUEST)(self) 7 [Book] URGENT If you have access to Project MUSE please help me with finding the pdf of "Where is Ana Mendieta"(self) 4 [Book] Rites, rights and rhythms: a genealogy of musical meaning in Colombia's black pacific by Michael Birenbaum Quintero(self) 1 [BOOK] Corrupt Research: The Case for Reconceptualizing Empirical Management and Social Science by Raymond Hubbard(self) 4 [Thesis] Protecting education from attack: Humanitarian agencies and the implementation of a new global norm in the case of Palestine (Proquest)(self)NSFW 3 [Chapter] from A History of the Soviet Union From the Beginning to Its Legacy By Peter Kenez chapter 11,12,13(self) 2 [Article] The effects of NBPTS‐certified teachers on student achievement + Douglas N. 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Author: Mads Hvilshøj, Simon Bøgh, Oluf Skov Nielsen, Ole Madsen.(self) 1 Removed: Pending moderation REQUEST [eBook] The Assessment Book – Physiotutors Guide to Orthopedic Physical Assessment(self) 1 [Article] [Brill] The Tragedy of Small Power Politics: The Philippines in the South China Sea by Charmaine Misalucha-Willoughby and Robert Joseph Medillo(self) 1 [BOOK] Echo and Reverb: Fabricating Space in Popular Music Recording, 1900-1960(self) 5 [Article] EFFECTS OF HIGH CONCENTRATIONS OF PLANT OILS AND FATTY ACIDS FOR MYCELIAL GROWTH AND PINHEAD FORMATION OF HERICIUM ERINACEUM(self) 1 [Article] [HeinOnline] "Disposable Deontology: The Death Penalty" by Tung Yin(self) 2 [Article] Efficient conversion of pretreated brewer’s spent grain and wheat bran by submerged cultivation of Hericium erinaceus(self) 1 [Chapter] The Imperial Institute: The state and the development of the natural resources of the Colonial Empire, 1887–1923(self) 1 [Book] Pieter Steyn - Zapuphizo: Voice of the Nagas(self) 3 [Article] Critical Constructivism and Postphenomenology: Ethics, Politics, and the Empirical(self) 5 [BOOK] Political Populism: A Handbook - Reinhard C. 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Monero Moon Prize

Announcing the Monero Moon Prize!

I pledge 10,000 Monero to the winner of a competition that begins right now. I will award the prize for completing a task which is very difficult, but not impossible.
The prize of 10,000 Monero will be awarded to the first team or individual to operate a 3D printer on the moon. This 3D printer must use lunar soil as its raw print material and demonstrate that it can reliably produce custom mechanical components.
I have created a set of rules for the competition but I welcome feedback on the details. My desire is that following the competition, the winning team is able to continue to operate the 3D printer on the Moon’s surface and to indefinitely produce parts from lunar soil and sunlight.
 

The Competition

  1. Safely deliver a payload to the surface of the Moon.
  2. Deploy 3D printer and some method of gathering soil for its continued operation.
  3. Print a series of 3 test parts from lunar soil using an additive manufacturing technique which does not rely on external binding agents from Earth. The printer cannot rely on supplies from Earth for its continued manufacture of parts.
  4. Minor manipulation and/or assembly of parts will be required.
  5. The build volume of the printer must be at least 150x150x150mm with dimensional tolerances to within 0.2mm of specifications. (Note: this level of performance is comparable to mid-priced 3D printers currently available in the home market)
  6. The ultimate tensile strength of the parts must be greater than 10 MPa in any direction (about 1/3 that of common glass).
  7. The winning team must meet these objectives on or before December 19, 2022; or 50 years since man last stepped foot on the Moon. We as a species must not go 50 years before taking our next step towards the Moon’s development.
 

Feasibility

Exponential Increase in Monero’s Value

The value of cryptocurrencies increases exponentially with adoption. A prize purse of 10,000 Monero is currently worth about $120,000. This meager amount is unlikely to incentivize a lunar mission, considering it costs roughly $15 million to launch a 10-kg payload to the Moon [1]. However, if the market adoption of Monero becomes similar to what Bitcoin enjoys today, then the 10,000 Monero prize purse would be roughly a hundred times more valuable (~$12 million) and enough to recoup the majority of launch expenses.
The size of the prize could also increase through donations or pledges made by additional backers. Any team in the competition could offset their own costs by pursuing corporate sponsorships or pairing their entry for the Monero Moon Prize with another competition like the Google Lunar XPRIZE, where a team must have a robot move 500 m on the Moon’s surface[2]. There are many possibilities for adding incentives to this competition, this is simply a first step.

What is Lunar Soil Made Of?

Glass and metal, mostly[3,4]. Aluminum, titanium, tungsten, and iron. Volatiles like ice and many useful trace elements[5,6,7]. Most soil particles are very fine with sharp angles, turned to powder through billions of years of meteoric impact. Older, more weathered particles have small bits of non-oxidized iron on their surface and imbedded within, making them efficiently heated with microwaves [8,9] and levitate in magnetic fields[10].

What Can Lunar Soil be Made Into?

Just about any solid object you can think of. Researchers have turned lunar soil simulant into gears, bolts, bricks, and bunkers[11,12,13,14,15]. They do this by selectively melting the soil in a desired shape and then cooling it until it hardens. Possible heat sources include lasers, microwaves, and concentrated solar, to name a few.
Many technologies in use by DIY maker communities and additive manufacturers can be extended with little modification to the lunar environment. Candidate technologies include selective sintering and fused deposition modeling. In selective sintering, a laser or other heat source is directed at a bed of powder which is partially melted and allowed to re-harden. Here’s a demonstration of how simple the process can be[16,17].
Fused deposition modeling is a type of 3D printing that you are probably most familiar with. Some material, typically plastic, is heated until it can be extruded out of a small nozzle. This extruded material is used to draw a 2D image on a flat surface. The height of the nozzle is then raised and another 2D image is drawn on top of the old. This process continues through many layers until a laminated 3D shape emerges. This technology was recently applied where small beads of optical glass acted as the raw print material[18], a substance not too different from lunar soil[19,20,21].
We can see from these examples that there are at least a few techniques for printing reliable parts from Moon dust. All major technical hurdles have been passed, now it’s just a matter of application-specific design.

Why a prize?

From the Orteig Prize sending aircraft across the Atlantic, to the Ansari XPRIZE sending private manned spacecraft to space, to the ongoing Google Lunar XPRIZE where teams are asked to drive a rover 500 m on the Moon, incentive competitions have simply been shown to work. Prizes are an effective way of directing the efforts of others towards a unified goal with potentially universal utility. I do not care who takes the first step in the extraterrestrial manufacturing revolution, just as long as someone takes it.
Prizes are an excellent investment. The prize backers only spend money if the competition garners a favorable result. The teams are compelled to initially spend their own resources to investigate several parallel designs. Incentive competitions have historically seen teams spend a combined $16 for every $1 used to fund the prize[22,23]; this represents a remarkable 16:1 return on your investment in terms of total R&D!
A competition also adds extraneous benefits. Humans tend to be thrilled by competition. They love the challenge, the race against another pack of humans. A need emerges to quickly find a solution and win at all costs.
Good solutions to the most difficult problems have been found under these conditions and frequently within shortened timeframes. We as a species need the ability to extract material resources from extraterrestrial sources as quickly as possible. I believe an incentive competition is a fast, inexpensive, and exciting way for us all to realize that goal.

Who Am I?

I wish to remain anonymous and feel lucky that this right is afforded to me by Monero. I hold a higher degree in a field related to this competition and would be inclined towards continued technical discussions on these topics.
I will send the pledged funds to a multisig wallet held in escrow once that becomes a possibility, but reserve the right to withdraw my funds from the competition before the stated deadline if it appears that no reasonable effort is being made by any team to win the prize.
 

References

[1]http://www.parabolicarc.com/2010/03/15/send-1pound-payload-moon-950k/
[2]http://lunar.xprize.org/about/guidelines
[3]McKay, David S., et al. "The lunar regolith." Lunar sourcebook (1991): 285-356.
[4]Noble, Sarah. "The Lunar Regolith." (2009).
[5]Duke, Michael B., et al. "Development of the Moon." Reviews in mineralogy and geochemistry 60.1 (2006): 597-655.
[6]Taylor, Jeff, Larry Taylor, and Mike Duke. "Concentrations of Volatiles in the Lunar Regolith." (2007).
[7]Crawford, Ian A. "Lunar resources: A review." Progress in Physical Geography 39.2 (2015): 137-167.
[8]Taylor, Lawrence, et al. "Lunar Dust Problem: From Liability to Asset." 1st space exploration conference: continuing the voyage of discovery. 2005.
[9]Taylor, Lawrence A., and Thomas T. Meek. "Microwave sintering of lunar soil: properties, theory, and practice." Journal of Aerospace Engineering 18.3 (2005): 188-196.
[10]Colwell, J. E., et al. "Lunar surface: Dust dynamics and regolith mechanics." Reviews of Geophysics 45.2 (2007).
[11]Krishna Balla, Vamsi, et al. "First demonstration on direct laser fabrication of lunar regolith parts." Rapid Prototyping Journal 18.6 (2012): 451-457.
[12]Fateri, Miranda, and Andreas Gebhardt. "Process Parameters Development of Selective Laser Melting of Lunar Regolith for On‐Site Manufacturing Applications." International Journal of Applied Ceramic Technology 12.1 (2015): 46-52.
[13]Indyk, Stephen. Structural members produced from unrefined lunar regolith, a structural assessment. Diss. Rutgers University-Graduate School-New Brunswick, 2015.
[14]Lim, Sungwoo, and Mahesh Anand. "In-Situ Resource Utilisation (ISRU) derived extra-terrestrial construction processes using sintering-based additive manufacturing techniques–focusing on a lunar surface environment." (2015).
[15]Goulas, Athanasios, et al. "3D printing with moondust." Rapid Prototyping Journal 22.6 (2016): 864-870.
[16]Kayser, Markus. SolarSinter Project: www.markuskayser.com.
[17]Rietema, Menno-Jan. "Design of a solar sand printer." (2013).
[18]Klein, John, et al. "Additive manufacturing of optically transparent glass." 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing 2.3 (2015): 92-105.
[19]Fabes, B. D., and W. H. Poisl. "Processing of glass-ceramics from lunar resources." (1991).
[20]Fabes, B. D., et al. "Melt-processing of lunar ceramics." (1992).
[21]Magoffin, Michael, and John Garvey. "Lunar glass production using concentrated solar energy." Space Programs and Technologies Conference. 1990.
[22]Guthrie, Julian, Branson, Richard, and Hawking, Stephen. How to Make a Spaceship: A Band of Renegades, an Epic Race, and the Birth of Private Spaceflight. Penguin Press, September, 2016.
[23]https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orteig_Prize
 

Addendum: The Philosophical Rant (It’s a long one…)

Things could be so much different than they are. As a species, we have arrived in our current state through a series of steps so complex that the thing we call reality might as well be an arbitrary selection from the possibilities of what could be.
In this reality, our reality, humans have made a massive misstep that has put our society and our species at risk. This glaring bit of poor judgment is ongoing, yet no action is being taken to resolve the situation.
No machines are being built outside of Earth’s orbit.
Even though we are a space faring species, we have no plans for gathering resources from outside of Earth or for building the extraterrestrial infrastructure that is necessary to take humans to other planets and beyond. We are not amassing the arsenal necessary to ward off extinction from asteroid impacts nor are we building the tools we need to fight runaway global warming through sunshades or the like.
We could be building things, lots of things, outside of Earth’s gravity and be permanently expanding our reach into the Cosmos. We can do all of this with existing technology – low tech by today’s standards – the only requirement is a slight shift of human priority.
I want to try in my own way to fill this gap. I want our reality to be different than it is and I think I know how to do that.
We must encourage the tinkerers and the builders to venture into space. And not just be there and exist in space, but to play in it, interact with it. A compelling challenge like the one that I have outlined would bring adventurers, those wary of traditional ways of doing things who take bold steps into new territory. I want to find the people in this world who want to dip their (virtual) hands into the Moon’s soil and pull out an object born from their imagination.
Following the competition, the winning team will have the ability to make parts indefinitely on the surface of the Moon using soil and sunlight. These parts could be assembled to form the bodies of robots, most notably those of additional printers; containers for material storage; energy collection apparatuses; and a host of other applications, with each addition bringing even greater capabilities for extracting resources and building upon the lunar surface.
Proper preparation could greatly extend the reach of this first lunar base to encourage it to grow organically from resources collected on the Moon. The winning team could build a large collection of printers and robots by sending just a few extra electronics, motors, and Mylar sheets for solar collection. This hardware could be installed into the bodies of printers and robots, all made on the Moon. The added costs of launching a slightly heavier payload would be minimal compared to the potential returns that you could receive from increased operational capability on the Moon.
The creative limits of the winning team will be pushed to find new ways of harnessing the few resources they started with. The lunar soil contains a range of extremely useful materials such as aluminum, iron, copper, titanium, and magnesium; all of which are easily extractable for use in specialized mechanical or electrical components. Small amounts of water can be liberated from the soil as it is melted. This water could be collected and used to drive steam engines as a feasible first step towards low-tech locomotion on the Moon. Simple heating elements could be produced from parabolic solar collectors improvised from Mylar sheets applied to the surface of troughs dug into the soil.
Continued support from Earth via rocket bound payloads could accelerate efforts of expanding upon the efforts of the winning team or their model could be repeated elsewhere on the Moon. From one printer comes many. Each new printer will build redundancy into the system and expand the infrastructure required for extraterrestrial manufacturing. From each new robot comes more soil and food for the growing manufacturing base. With proper preparation, this process can continue indefinitely.
 

tldr; Let's take Monero to the Moon and then let it return the favor.

 
Edit 1: I set up the website moneromoonprize.com to post additional information moving forward and propose that we use /moneromoonprize for continued discussion of the competition beyond this thread.
 
Edit 2: Verification of Funds
address:44aaLQFizmb2FdVKuBxwS5i8hgExwZyXpN7APKPeXmyYEc93ecZsweAJ2Rr4g8FDoPjBkXBrXARL4N3cpKbAWxCyUb8LfFM viewkey:3bc4c7354f7b870985a3698a23bcfbd63e01ece14d08eab16ac2b815157a7c03 key images (available for 24 hrs): https://dropfile.to/QzCc2r0 
submitted by outerspacerace to Monero [link] [comments]

A Warning to the Curious

Hey, Reddit. I don’t know how many people are actually going to read this, considering it’s the only post on this account. I had an account before, but I had to delete all of my social media accounts when this whole shitshow started and everything got hacked. Anyway, if anyone does read it, copy and paste it or something. I don’t know how long it will be before this gets taken down.
I guess I should start from the beginning. I should also mention that all the names excluding my own and the name 'Sara' are being changed. Bit of advice number one on internet safety: don’t put any personal info out there. I’m serious. Not even your name.
Anyway, I'm Ben. I’m a student at a fairly large University. This all began one day in Business 101, this dumb introductory course that all business majors are required to take. I was sitting next to my best friend from high school. We’ll call him Marcus. Marcus is a great guy, and I hate to admit it, but I had always been a little jealous of him. He got a girlfriend first, he got on the sports teams I was cut from, he got into a top fraternity when I didn’t even get a bid anywhere. What’s worse is that my parents were constantly comparing me to him. At least he never let it affect our relationship. Sure, we had drifted apart some in college, but that’s only natural. He had his frat. I had videogame club, I guess. I was glad we at least had this class once a week to catch up though, especially now that I wasn’t tagging along with him to rush parties.
It was about two months ago when he first mentioned it to me. “Hey, Ben.”
I turned to face him. We sat in the back, and it was a large enough class where we could whisper without being too obnoxious.
“You haven’t been getting out much, have you?”
I opened my mouth to protest, but he kept going.
“I mean, you’re not in a house, which makes it hard. And no offense, but without boobs or a frat brother as a bartender, you’re not really gonna fare too well at the bars being 18.”
“You know, I was thinking of rushing again next sem-”
Marcus waved his hand to dismiss me. “Nah, man. I mean, do what you want. But next semester is a long time away. Have you even pulled once since you’ve been here?”
I pulled a face of fake offense. “I told you, I got a handjob.”
“What, from your left hand? Did you do that thing where you sit on your wrist til it falls asleep so it feels like it’s someone else’s hand?”
I snorted. “Ew.”
“Look, here’s what I’m getting to. I don’t wanna see you become some nerd holed up in his dorm. You wanna forget what pussy looks like, Ben? Do you?”
I laughed shaking my head.
“You ever consider getting a fake ID?”
I tilted my head to the side. “Are you joking? I want to be able to get a job one day, I can’t have that shit on my record.”
“Please, Ben. It’s a college campus. The worst thing they do is throw it out and you wasted your money. But that won’t happen. A guy in my house has a good connection. He showed me his; it looks legit. Scans and everything. The more people I get in on it, the cheaper it’ll be. Just think about at least. He isn’t putting an order through til next week.”
The professor finally shushed us, so it wasn’t until a few minutes later that I asked what his connection was.
“Some guy on the deepweb. He’s pretty savvy with technology.” Marcus shrugged. “I can give you his number if you want.”
This, redditors, is where I made my biggest mistake. I couldn’t just accept things like Marcus. I overthought stuff, I questioned everything. “What’s the deep web?”
Marcus shrugged again, and the bell rang. “Steve will explain things.”
I want to attach screenshots of my conversation with Steve, but I had to get rid of that phone last week. I don’t remember exactly what he said, but I can summarize. To be honest, Steve seemed like the stereotypical frat guy when he texted me. That’s why it surprised me when he started talking about the deep web. He was clearly excited by it. He was glad to be talking about it to someone. I could tell it was something that he wanted to show someone. It makes sense to me now. You see some fucked up shit, and it’s hard not to share it. Steve invited me over to the house a few nights later, and I was surprised he remembered my face.
“Shit man, I remember you. You came to a few rush parties, yeah?”
I nodded.
“You should really think about rushing next semester. I’m sure we’d take you.”
“I… Yeah, maybe. I haven’t thought about it.”
Steve walked me up to his room. He’d told me to bring a laptop, and some cash in case I did decide I wanted the ID after I saw where it came from. He took a seat on his bed, and I sat at his desk chair, watching as he turned on his laptop.
I’m not going to walk you through the whole process of getting on the deep web, because frankly, I don’t want anyone to know. I’m writing this as a warning, not to entice people. But anyway, Steve showed me it from his laptop, before teaching me how to get on.
I’m not going to lie; I was amazed. It was like amazon for every illicit thing. Page after page of different strains of weed. Then coke of varying prices (“I always pick something in the middle, so I know it isn’t complete shit,” Steve told me.) He showed me pages of experimental drugs, things I’d never heard of, or only had heard horror stories about. Krokodil (“Isn’t that the flesh eating one?” “Yeah, man.”), DMT (“It releases the same endorphins people feel right before they die.”), and a whole other slew of things I never wanted to try.
The next page he showed me was full of guns. I’m not just talking hand guns or hunting rifles, though those were there too. I mean, heavy duty weapons. Assault rifles. Automatics. Shit that was illegal.
“But how do you get it? Like, isn’t your card traced?”
He shook his head. “You’d have to be an idiot to use your card on these sites. I mean, people do, if it’s a direct sale, I guess. Or people get prepaid cards, like paypal or shit like that. I use bitcoin. It’s safest.”
Me, being the naive moron that I was thought this was the the coolest thing I’d seen in ages. It was the discovery that the black market is real, and incredibly easy to access.
“There is a catch, I guess. There’s a lot of bad shit here too. Like… actually bad. I’m talking animal torture…” He lowered his voice to a whisper, “Human trafficking… Child porn, man. Shit’s out there. And the last thing you want is to accidentally click the wrong link and have the feds knocking down your door and getting you on pedophilia charges, you know?”
I nodded. “How do I avoid it?”
He had me download what he said was a little script that was an image blocker. I would only see images until I disabled it; this way I could read a caption before deciding if I wanted to view something.
I paid for my ID, after deciding this seemed legit, and went home that night. Sleep was out of the question. I felt like I had discovered a whole new world. A world almost no one knew about at all, let alone knew how to access. Shit, 20/20 hadn’t even aired an episode on this with all of their child-internet-safety shit. I went back to some of the links Steve showed me, then explored a bit on my own. I find numerous drug sites, which got a little boring after a while. Next I found a site that made make passports which promised to scan. This shit could be dangerous if the wrong person found it. Like really dangerous.
I decided to call it a night around four am.
It wasn’t until around nine am the next day when I got up for class when I noticed the first sign of things to come.
“Ping. Ping.”
My laptop was lit up on my desk even though I hadn’t touched it.
[email protected] would like to chat” read the notification on the corner of the site I’d left open; some page about buying exotic animals.
I laughed to myself. Even the deep web has “sexy singles in my area.” If only I knew how ignorant I was. I closed out of everything and went to classes.
For the next week I was slammed with midterms. I hardly had time to eat or sleep let alone explore this newfound section of the internet, but still, it pulled me in. There was something so secret about it that drew me to it. While I could understand how Steve wanted to share it, I wanted to hoard it.
Before I deleted my old reddit account, I had been active on it for several years. I thought I had seen some weird shit. I had thought reddit (with the exception of some hardcore porn sites, I guess) to be the epitome of darkness on the internet. I should’ve just accepted what I knew. I shouldn’t have pressed on.
My fake ID arrived without a problem. It looked incredibly real. Sure, I had to take a few shots with Marcus before actually using it because of how scared I was, but sure enough, I was given a wristband into one of the best campus bars. That very night I finally managed to bring a girl back. Yeah, we only had an hour where my roommate would be gone, but it was enough. As Marcus had said before we left, “Try to last more than two minutes.”
My head was spinning a bit after the girl had left my dorm, so I pulled out my laptop to try to focus on something besides how drunk I was.
“Ping. Ping.”
Another notification from [email protected]. Her screenname couldn’t have been worse.
I’d asked Steve about viruses on these sorts of sites, and he told me because of the low level of traffic, most people wouldn’t even bother installing things. Still, there was some risk. “Don’t be an idiot about it,” was his final word of advice on it.
I had always liked testing limits.
I clicked the notification at the bottom, fully expecting to be directed to a porn site. Much to my surprise, however, a little chat box opened up. It looked like something from the early 2000’s; a black background with white, digital looking lettings, and a flashing cursor. Again, I couldn’t get screenshots of these, but I copied and pasted them to a document I put on a flashdrive; one of the only good ideas I’ve had throughout this whole ordeal.
Hi, Ben. Good to see you are online. How are you?
Chills went down my spine. How did it know my name? I say ‘it’, because my first thought was that this was some sort of bot. A way to make money. It would start talking sexy, then ask for money if I wanted more. But it knew my name.
Hello?
It pressed on, and I took a breath. Didn’t google know my name? Probably. I had to log onto my computer with my name. My name was all over. It wasn’t weird, I told myself. It’s just a bot trying to seem more personal to draw more people in. It was an advertising ploy.
Was she good? I think you could have done better.
That was weird. That was really weird. Still, I shook the feeling. It’s a bot accustomed to married men, men looking for something outside of marriage. It was bashing on wives, making an affair seem enticing, lifting his confidence. That’s what I told myself.
Are you just going to stare, or are you going to answer?
Ben? Why are you making that face? You look confused.
Alright, this is where I got really freaked out for the first time, guys. How did she know I was making a face? This wasn’t anything standard. This was no longer some generalizable statement. That’s when I noticed it; the little light at the top center of my laptop. My webcam light.
Smart boy, Ben. Such a shame for me, though. I wanted to look at you longer.
I put tape over the camera before finally getting up the courage to answer. At this point I was feeling more sober. A rush of adrenaline was making me more alert. The thoughts of the girl from twenty minutes ago were totally gone.
Hey. Who is this?
You can call me Sara. I already know you’re Ben.
Hi, Sara. Why were you spying on me? Are you a robot?
A robot? Ha. No, Ben. I’m as real as you are. I’m 22. I don’t mind that you aren’t 21 yet. How old are you really?
This is where things first started to click with me. This “Sara” or whoever the fuck she was knew I wasn’t 21. I instantly connected things to the fake ID. I was so stupid. All of my information; my name, height, address, even a photocopy of my signature had been required for the ID. And somehow this person now had access to all of it.
It doesn’t matter how old I am. Please don’t message me again.
That’s no fun. C’mon, Ben. I know you like to have fun. I see the things you’ve been looking at.
This is where I guess I owe you guys a confession. The deep web was full of porn. Like, intense porn. I’m not some sort of freak, but sure, I was curious. I watched some videos. But still, none of it prepared me for what was to come.
Don’t ignore me, Ben. You know, you really have to be careful with this sort of thing. Didn’t Steve tell you anything? It’s a bad idea to be logged onto parts of the surface web while you’re on the deep web. Makes it easier for people to jump around.
What are you talking about? You know Steve?
[[email protected] has gone offline]
At this point I was scared, no doubt about it. At the same time, I didn’t want to seem like some pussy and go to Steve about it. I figured he’d just laugh at me for falling for some dumb bot. But still… It knew his name. It knew my name.
Things were quiet for a few days. I was able to push Sara out of my mind. It wasn’t until the weekend that things got really weird. It started with a text from Marcus.
SMS: What the fuck, dude? You think you’re some sort of hotshot now?
What? What are you talking about?
SMS: The messages you sent to Karen.
Karen, the girl I went home with last week? I didn’t even get her phone number.
SMS: Facebook. Look, man. If you’re gonna be a dick like that to people I introduce you too, I dunno if I really want to go out anywhere with you anymore.
I had never even added Karen on Facebook, but sure enough, there she was on my recently added friends. I clicked the chat button, but all I saw was a one sided conversation, her to me, as though all of my messages had been deleted. Messages I never even sent.
‘What the fuck?’, ‘Is this some sort of joke?’, ‘You weren’t so great either, you dick!’, ‘Fuck you, don’t talk to me again!’
Her words stared back at me through the pixels of the screen, and I shut my laptop and replied to Marcus.
Dude. I didn’t send those messages to her. I think I’ve been hacked.
Facebook was first, but it seemed that Sara was more malicious than just tearing down a freshman girl’s self esteem. Sara was downright creepy. The following day, I had over two hundred notifications on my account, all reading the same thing; “Sara Cooper has requested to be tagged in your photo.” My heart jumped in my chest. When I checked my recent activity, I had apparently befriended a Sara Cooper, and then approved all the tags. Some stranger had hacked into my account and tagged herself in every single one of my photos; pictures of me with my family, me as a child, my first day of college including a picture of the sign in front of my dorm. She could see everything. The account looked normal enough. It was incredibly generic. The profile picture looked like a yearbook picture. She liked a few of the same bands I liked. I was her only friend.
I stopped getting messages from the deep web and began getting them directly from Facebook.
“Hi Ben.
Hi Ben.
Hi Ben.
Hi Ben, why won’t you answer me?
Why won’t you answer me, Ben?
You’re being sort of rude, Ben.
Maybe I’ll send something to your mom to let her know what a rude son she raised.
Or maybe I’ll show your sister what sort of videos you’ve been watching.
Hi Ben.
Hi Ben.”
“Jesus Christ, who the fuck are you? Why are you doing this?”
“Oh, there you are! You’re so silly sometimes, Ben. I thought you were ignoring me on purpose!”
Now, I know what you’re all thinking; why didn’t you report the account? Why didn’t you change your password? Why didn’t you get off Facebook? Here was my rationale: as long as I had the account, I could see her. She was still on my playing field. She wasn’t going to pop up somewhere else. I could see when she was online, I could keep her happy by replying.
Plus, a small part of me was still so stupidly curious.
It wasn’t until she showed up on my email that I finally started to see the seriousness of this. The first email I got was simply a “Hi, Ben”, from ‘[email protected]’. (Yes, this is the real email. I'm not sure if it's a good idea to actually post it... But I don't see what harm it can do) Unsettling, but nothing worse than usual. My email was linked to my Facebook. It wasn’t like she hacked anything to send it. The next few emails proved me wrong.
Picture this; 18 year old college freshman, sitting up in his dorm room while his roommate is gone for the weekend. Said freshman opens up his email to get a confirmation email from amazon for a set of cutlery, ten meters of heavy duty rope, and some sort of fetishist ball gag. Said freshman drafts an email to amazon, heart racing, attempting to cancel the order. He’s trying to ignore the fact that she has access to his credit card, to his shipping address, to literally everything. He just wants the order cancelled.
“Ping. Ping.”
Oh, Ben. You don’t like what I picked out? I thought it would be something fun. Like the videos you watch, Ben. The girls in those use ropes, and gags. The knives were my own creativity.
Nausea washed over me. She could see my screen. She could see me starting to cancel the order.
If you send that email, I won’t be happy, Ben. Don’t send the email. Please, Ben? Please, Sir? Do you like being called Sir? Like the girls in the videos? Please don’t send the email, Sir.
I’m not exaggerating when I say it took all of my energy not to vomit then and there. Chills racked my body. The darkness of my room terrified me, but the idea of standing up to turn on a light terrified me more. The idea of even looking behind me scared me.
[[email protected] would like to video chat]
You better accept that, Ben. Or else I could email something sweet to your Chemistry TA. I saw the messages you sent Jimmy about her rack. I wish you’d talk about my rack like that. Ben?
[Video chat accepted]
Instantly I was brought to an all black screen, and from my speakers came an outpouring of women moaning, a lewd sound that was horrifyingly distorted by being played over itself so many times. It seemed that each time I pressed the mute button, it would unmute itself just as quickly. Unplugging my speakers made it quieter, but the sound only continued to play from my laptop.
All at once, my room grew silent, but only for a moment.
“It’s so nice to finally talk to you like this, Ben.” said a voice. It sounded so close, not like it was coming from a computer, but like it could be right behind me.
“I-it’s so nice, isn’t it, Ben?” The voice cracked.
“Who is this?” I said, trying to keep my own voice steady.
“Don’t p-p-play with me, B-ben. It’s me. It’s Sa-Sarah.” A sob followed the last word. Suddenly I knew this wasn’t Sara. This woman was a victim. She was crying. She was scared.
“Can I see your face, Sara? You can see my face, wouldn’t that be fair? I want to know the sexy woman I’ve been talking to.” I said the words in a monotonous voice, but I wanted her to know I fell for it. Maybe I could finally have the advantage.
“Oh, no. No, no, no. Not yet, Ben. The f-first time you see my face will be in person. How do you like my voice, though? I p-picked it especially for you. I picked what I thought you liked, Ben.” Her voice had devolved from the occasional sob to consistent weeping, her words sounding wet, and timid.
“Wait. Karen?”
“Yes! Oh, god, Ben it’s-”
[[email protected] has gone offline]
My curiosity had a body count.
It’s starting to seem like this entire post is just one big confession. Maybe it is. But when a campus wide email was sent out about the disappearance of Karen McGowan, I stayed silent. She hadn’t disappeared. She’d been murdered. She’d had her throat slit, and then she’d been undressed. She had been tied up so that her ankles and hands touched behind her back. She’d had a ball gag placed in her mouth. She’d had her photograph taken and forwarded to me in an email with the subject line “This is how I’d want you to take me”. That time I did vomit.
Marcus was the first person to bring it up to me. He wasn’t close to her, but he knew we’d hooked up, and he knew I’d sent her awful messages. He obviously didn’t suspect me, that would’ve been crazy. But he needed to get pissed at someone, so yelling at me was good enough. Shit about how she’d probably killed herself because of the messages I’d sent. I didn’t bother defending myself. She’s dead because of me.
Only Sara didn’t like Marcus’s rude texts to me. She told me so. She told me she could take care of him, if I wanted. That was the last message I got before deleting everything.
It was really after the photo of Karen when I decided I had to end this. I disabled the add-on that let me access the deep web. I made up some shit story about trying to be more present, and deleted Facebook, instagram, reddit, twitter, and my email. She had access to me on each and every social media site in one way or another. Sara Cooper had a twitter account made up entirely of retweets of everything I posted. Sara Cooper liked all my instagram posts, and made me her #mancrushmonday. Sara Cooper was stalking my every move.
I specifically remember sitting in my dorm about one month after this had all began. It was the first time I asked myself who Sara Cooper could be. The entire month had been a nightmare, a constant sensation of the hairs on the back of my neck standing on end. I could tell my parents were worried with my lack of calls. Not eight weeks into the school year and my grades were dismal. I was too busy being utterly consumed by Sara to even question who she could be. Was she even a woman? Why would she need a woman to speak for her otherwise?
I hadn’t heard from her for a whole week since I had deleted everything. I doubted things could be so easy, but it seemed to be working. Another week went by, and the search for Karen was called off. There were absolutely no leads. Search and rescue teams had scoured the campus, and miles surrounding it. Nothing. Of course, I debated going to the police. I was the only one who knew the truth besides Sara. But the murder weapon was charged to my credit card. The ropes to tie her up, the ball gag. All of it linked back to me, and accompanied with my texts to her, I knew I’d be charged. I kept quiet. I did my best to convince myself this wasn’t my fault.
I felt like I could breathe again. I patched things up with Marcus, and he invited me to his frat for a party. I mingled. I talked to girls. I got a little carried away, and by that I mean belligerently drunk, but I woke up in my own bed after what seemed like the first good night’s sleep I’d had in ages, at least until I heard it. That familiar noise that now gave me chills.
“Ping. Ping.”
It was good to see you back at the house again, Ben. I’m really glad I could show you all of this stuff. You got pretty drunk, haha. You probably don’t remember me walking you back, but everything is okay now. I redownloaded access to the deep web for you. Please don’t delete it again, okay, Ben? I’m trusting you. Marcus is living in the house with me next semester, and I really like that guy. It would suck for me to have to do something to him, just because you can’t handle a little prank, wouldn’t it? Try not to be so much of a pussy, and you might even get a bid here.
Anyway Reddit, that’s where my story ends. I’m posting this under a new username from a library computer, but honestly, nowhere is safe anymore. I feel like Sara, or… Well, Steve, I guess is running my life now. I don’t know where to turn.
submitted by Youve_Been_Warned to nosleep [link] [comments]

An Apple Shows Just How Broken Our Food System Is

Buying and eating apples seems a pretty healthy thing to do. But a new study has found that every 1 kilo (2.2 pounds) of conventionally grown apples creates health effects costing 21 cents due to the effects of pesticides and fungicides, resulting in sick leave and eventually shorter life expectancies.
The study, from the Dutch organization Soil & More Impacts, to be published at the end of May, highlights a key problem: The price you pay for apples in the store doesn’t cover the hidden costs of producing them. Instead, these are paid for by society — through the ever-increasing costs of health care and health insurance.
https://preview.redd.it/7w3vkdzvih011.jpg?width=800&format=pjpg&auto=webp&s=09696431c589252b3a41afffd524ef7f6522ee55
The apple example is not an outlier; it’s indicative of the bigger picture. Agriculture is the world’s largest industry, with 1 billion people engaged in farming worldwide. Pasture and cropland use about 50 percent of the earth’s habitable land. Agriculture also is one of the worst-polluting industries on the planet — even though it could be one of the most powerful forces for good.
It’s easy for people to distance themselves from the problem. Most people aren’t farmers and don’t think about these issues daily. But it’s the food choices we make every day that feed into our farming practices.
Conventional farming practices focus on monocultures, genetically modified organism (GMO) seed use and pesticides, polluting both crops and groundwater, as well as conventional plowing methods that result in topsoil erosion. Regenerative farming practices use no pesticides and non-GMO seeds and focus on ecosystem diversity, crop rotation, composting and no-till cultivation (growing crops without disrupting the soil).
Data from a 2014 white paper from the Rodale Institute, a nonprofit that supports regenerative farming, suggests that we could soak up more than 100 percent of the current annual global carbon dioxide emissions with a full switch to regenerative agriculture.
The point: It’s our choice. And we make these decisions every day. As an economist, I have always believed that changing the economy starts with changing farming and food. Even though the recent movement for localizing farm and food cycles has changed the face of the industry across many regions, mainstream global agriculture is still in the grip of major companies like Monsanto that have built their business model around perpetuating the old model that makes farmers dependent on their pesticides, herbicides and GMO seeds.
As with the apples, this model damages the environment and people’s health, which society has to pay to fix. A 2011 water study in France, for example, found that the amount of tax money that the country was spending to clean up water that had been polluted through conventional farming, mainly because of pesticide use, was roughly equal to the amount spent on groceries nationally that year. In other words, if people paid the real cost of groceries, they would be paying about twice as much.
The same has been found for the U.K. A November 2017 study found the real costs of conventionally produced food in the U.K. are 100 percent higher than current market prices. Every British pound of food sales comes with another pound of hidden costs to society, through, among other repercussions, environmental pollution, ill health related to production and diet-related diseases.
If you add to this the shockingly high suicide rate among farmers — including in the U.S., where a 2016 study found that farming had the highest suicide rates of any profession — and the fact that three-quarters of the world’s 800 million people who suffer from hunger are farmers, you begin to see the irrationality of the current food system. This agricultural system destroys our planet, makes us sick and harms farmers physically and mentally. In short, we collectively create results that nobody wants.
At this point, you often hear the argument that, sure, there are these problems, but we need industrial agriculture to avoid dramatic food shortages.
That sounds right on the surface. But the hunger problem today is not a supply problem; it’s a distribution problem. Roughly one-third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted.
“We have two or three times the amount of food right now that is needed to feed the number of people in the world,” said Joshua Muldavin, a geography professor at Sarah Lawrence College who focuses on food and agricultural instruction.
But people aren’t getting the food, said Emelie Peine, a professor of international politics and economy at the University of Puget Sound. “And even if [they] did, they don’t have enough money to buy it,” she added. This is true in many developed countries too. An estimated 1 in 6 Americans, nearly 50 million people, can’t afford to buy sufficient nutritious food to stay healthy, according to the Department of Agriculture.
Another key issue is diet: The less meat we eat, the more people we can feed. For example, when compared by available calories produced, beef requires 160 times as much land and eight times the water and produces 11 times the greenhouse gases as the average for potatoes, wheat and rice.
Regenerative agriculture could solve the world hunger problem if people ate a more balanced diet, including less beef, and if distribution problems were addressed appropriately. AdChoices
What’s needed is a transition strategy at scale that brings today’s global agricultural system into the 21st century, into an economic environment that is no longer blind to the issues of health, water, biodiversity and climate change.
I witnessed a small-scale version of such a transition on the family farm I grew up on. Sixty years ago, my parents decided to switch from conventional to regenerative methods of agriculture.
My father had read an article about the new form of agriculture in a journal. That piece of writing ignited a flame. But the moment my parents began to change the way they farmed, many of their friends and others in the community turned against them. They also experienced an extended period of poor harvests and economic hardship before they fully learned the new farming practices and created channels for direct sales.
What got them through was a new idea that allowed them to rethink their farm and their role as farmers in the context of a broader system. They also benefited from a core support system of a couple of friends and experts who provided practical and coaching support. And they learned how to link directly to conscious consumers willing to pay a fair price for more sustainably produced food.
It’s these support structures that are needed today. They exist as prototypes, such as the Sustainable Food Lab — a global network of organizations working on sustainable farming — but they are needed at a much larger scale.
What would it take to bring these kinds of changes to the scale of the whole system?
First, stop the massive subsidizing of industrial conventional farming and all the pollution that comes with it and redirect these resources to support regenerative farms and smallholders. Put a price on the use of pesticides. Reduce the massive use of antibiotics in livestock farming by 50 percent until 2020. And replicate transition support structures like the Sustainable Food Lab across regions to bring together all the key players that need to collaborate in order to make sustainable food practices mainstream.
And last, we should never forget that this whole transition starts with our food choices, with the journey from farm to fork that gets triggered and reinforced by the everyday food choices that we make.
Source
The apple example is not an outlier; it’s indicative of the bigger picture. Agriculture is the world’s largest industry, with 1 billion people engaged in farming worldwide. Pasture and cropland use about 50 percent of the earth’s habitable land. Agriculture also is one of the worst-polluting industries on the planet — even though it could be one of the most powerful forces for good.
It’s easy for people to distance themselves from the problem. Most people aren’t farmers and don’t think about these issues daily. But it’s the food choices we make every day that feed into our farming practices.
Conventional farming practices focus on monocultures, genetically modified organism (GMO) seed use and pesticides, polluting both crops and groundwater, as well as conventional plowing methods that result in topsoil erosion. Regenerative farming practices use no pesticides and non-GMO seeds and focus on ecosystem diversity, crop rotation, composting and no-till cultivation (growing crops without disrupting the soil).
Data from a 2014 white paper from the Rodale Institute, a nonprofit that supports regenerative farming, suggests that we could soak up more than 100 percent of the current annual global carbon dioxide emissions with a full switch to regenerative agriculture.
The point: It’s our choice. And we make these decisions every day. As an economist, I have always believed that changing the economy starts with changing farming and food. Even though the recent movement for localizing farm and food cycles has changed the face of the industry across many regions, mainstream global agriculture is still in the grip of major companies like Monsanto that have built their business model around perpetuating the old model that makes farmers dependent on their pesticides, herbicides and GMO seeds.
As with the apples, this model damages the environment and people’s health, which society has to pay to fix. A 2011 water study in France, for example, found that the amount of tax money that the country was spending to clean up water that had been polluted through conventional farming, mainly because of pesticide use, was roughly equal to the amount spent on groceries nationally that year. In other words, if people paid the real cost of groceries, they would be paying about twice as much.
The same has been found for the U.K. A November 2017 study found the real costs of conventionally produced food in the U.K. are 100 percent higher than current market prices. Every British pound of food sales comes with another pound of hidden costs to society, through, among other repercussions, environmental pollution, ill health related to production and diet-related diseases.
If you add to this the shockingly high suicide rate among farmers — including in the U.S., where a 2016 study found that farming had the highest suicide rates of any profession — and the fact that three-quarters of the world’s 800 million people who suffer from hunger are farmers, you begin to see the irrationality of the current food system. This agricultural system destroys our planet, makes us sick and harms farmers physically and mentally. In short, we collectively create results that nobody wants.
At this point, you often hear the argument that, sure, there are these problems, but we need industrial agriculture to avoid dramatic food shortages.
That sounds right on the surface. But the hunger problem today is not a supply problem; it’s a distribution problem. Roughly one-third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted.
“We have two or three times the amount of food right now that is needed to feed the number of people in the world,” said Joshua Muldavin, a geography professor at Sarah Lawrence College who focuses on food and agricultural instruction.
But people aren’t getting the food, said Emelie Peine, a professor of international politics and economy at the University of Puget Sound. “And even if [they] did, they don’t have enough money to buy it,” she added. This is true in many developed countries too. An estimated 1 in 6 Americans, nearly 50 million people, can’t afford to buy sufficient nutritious food to stay healthy, according to the Department of Agriculture.
Another key issue is diet: The less meat we eat, the more people we can feed. For example, when compared by available calories produced, beef requires 160 times as much land and eight times the water and produces 11 times the greenhouse gases as the average for potatoes, wheat and rice.
Regenerative agriculture could solve the world hunger problem if people ate a more balanced diet, including less beef, and if distribution problems were addressed appropriately. AdChoices
What’s needed is a transition strategy at scale that brings today’s global agricultural system into the 21st century, into an economic environment that is no longer blind to the issues of health, water, biodiversity and climate change.
I witnessed a small-scale version of such a transition on the family farm I grew up on. Sixty years ago, my parents decided to switch from conventional to regenerative methods of agriculture.
My father had read an article about the new form of agriculture in a journal. That piece of writing ignited a flame. But the moment my parents began to change the way they farmed, many of their friends and others in the community turned against them. They also experienced an extended period of poor harvests and economic hardship before they fully learned the new farming practices and created channels for direct sales.
What got them through was a new idea that allowed them to rethink their farm and their role as farmers in the context of a broader system. They also benefited from a core support system of a couple of friends and experts who provided practical and coaching support. And they learned how to link directly to conscious consumers willing to pay a fair price for more sustainably produced food.
It’s these support structures that are needed today. They exist as prototypes, such as the Sustainable Food Lab — a global network of organizations working on sustainable farming — but they are needed at a much larger scale.
What would it take to bring these kinds of changes to the scale of the whole system?
First, stop the massive subsidizing of industrial conventional farming and all the pollution that comes with it and redirect these resources to support regenerative farms and smallholders. Put a price on the use of pesticides. Reduce the massive use of antibiotics in livestock farming by 50 percent until 2020. And replicate transition support structures like the Sustainable Food Lab across regions to bring together all the key players that need to collaborate in order to make sustainable food practices mainstream.
And last, we should never forget that this whole transition starts with our food choices, with the journey from farm to fork that gets triggered and reinforced by the everyday food choices that we make.
Source
The apple example is not an outlier; it’s indicative of the bigger picture. Agriculture is the world’s largest industry, with 1 billion people engaged in farming worldwide. Pasture and cropland use about 50 percent of the earth’s habitable land. Agriculture also is one of the worst-polluting industries on the planet — even though it could be one of the most powerful forces for good.
It’s easy for people to distance themselves from the problem. Most people aren’t farmers and don’t think about these issues daily. But it’s the food choices we make every day that feed into our farming practices.
Conventional farming practices focus on monocultures, genetically modified organism (GMO) seed use and pesticides, polluting both crops and groundwater, as well as conventional plowing methods that result in topsoil erosion. Regenerative farming practices use no pesticides and non-GMO seeds and focus on ecosystem diversity, crop rotation, composting and no-till cultivation (growing crops without disrupting the soil).
Data from a 2014 white paper from the Rodale Institute, a nonprofit that supports regenerative farming, suggests that we could soak up more than 100 percent of the current annual global carbon dioxide emissions with a full switch to regenerative agriculture.
The point: It’s our choice. And we make these decisions every day. As an economist, I have always believed that changing the economy starts with changing farming and food. Even though the recent movement for localizing farm and food cycles has changed the face of the industry across many regions, mainstream global agriculture is still in the grip of major companies like Monsanto that have built their business model around perpetuating the old model that makes farmers dependent on their pesticides, herbicides and GMO seeds.
As with the apples, this model damages the environment and people’s health, which society has to pay to fix. A 2011 water study in France, for example, found that the amount of tax money that the country was spending to clean up water that had been polluted through conventional farming, mainly because of pesticide use, was roughly equal to the amount spent on groceries nationally that year. In other words, if people paid the real cost of groceries, they would be paying about twice as much.
The same has been found for the U.K. A November 2017 study found the real costs of conventionally produced food in the U.K. are 100 percent higher than current market prices. Every British pound of food sales comes with another pound of hidden costs to society, through, among other repercussions, environmental pollution, ill health related to production and diet-related diseases.
If you add to this the shockingly high suicide rate among farmers — including in the U.S., where a 2016 study found that farming had the highest suicide rates of any profession — and the fact that three-quarters of the world’s 800 million people who suffer from hunger are farmers, you begin to see the irrationality of the current food system. This agricultural system destroys our planet, makes us sick and harms farmers physically and mentally. In short, we collectively create results that nobody wants.
At this point, you often hear the argument that, sure, there are these problems, but we need industrial agriculture to avoid dramatic food shortages.
That sounds right on the surface. But the hunger problem today is not a supply problem; it’s a distribution problem. Roughly one-third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted.
“We have two or three times the amount of food right now that is needed to feed the number of people in the world,” said Joshua Muldavin, a geography professor at Sarah Lawrence College who focuses on food and agricultural instruction.
But people aren’t getting the food, said Emelie Peine, a professor of international politics and economy at the University of Puget Sound. “And even if [they] did, they don’t have enough money to buy it,” she added. This is true in many developed countries too. An estimated 1 in 6 Americans, nearly 50 million people, can’t afford to buy sufficient nutritious food to stay healthy, according to the Department of Agriculture.
Another key issue is diet: The less meat we eat, the more people we can feed. For example, when compared by available calories produced, beef requires 160 times as much land and eight times the water and produces 11 times the greenhouse gases as the average for potatoes, wheat and rice.
Regenerative agriculture could solve the world hunger problem if people ate a more balanced diet, including less beef, and if distribution problems were addressed appropriately. AdChoices
What’s needed is a transition strategy at scale that brings today’s global agricultural system into the 21st century, into an economic environment that is no longer blind to the issues of health, water, biodiversity and climate change.
I witnessed a small-scale version of such a transition on the family farm I grew up on. Sixty years ago, my parents decided to switch from conventional to regenerative methods of agriculture.
My father had read an article about the new form of agriculture in a journal. That piece of writing ignited a flame. But the moment my parents began to change the way they farmed, many of their friends and others in the community turned against them. They also experienced an extended period of poor harvests and economic hardship before they fully learned the new farming practices and created channels for direct sales.
What got them through was a new idea that allowed them to rethink their farm and their role as farmers in the context of a broader system. They also benefited from a core support system of a couple of friends and experts who provided practical and coaching support. And they learned how to link directly to conscious consumers willing to pay a fair price for more sustainably produced food.
It’s these support structures that are needed today. They exist as prototypes, such as the Sustainable Food Lab — a global network of organizations working on sustainable farming — but they are needed at a much larger scale.
What would it take to bring these kinds of changes to the scale of the whole system?
First, stop the massive subsidizing of industrial conventional farming and all the pollution that comes with it and redirect these resources to support regenerative farms and smallholders. Put a price on the use of pesticides. Reduce the massive use of antibiotics in livestock farming by 50 percent until 2020. And replicate transition support structures like the Sustainable Food Lab across regions to bring together all the key players that need to collaborate in order to make sustainable food practices mainstream.
And last, we should never forget that this whole transition starts with our food choices, with the journey from farm to fork that gets triggered and reinforced by the everyday food choices that we make.
Source
The apple example is not an outlier; it’s indicative of the bigger picture. Agriculture is the world’s largest industry, with 1 billion people engaged in farming worldwide. Pasture and cropland use about 50 percent of the earth’s habitable land. Agriculture also is one of the worst-polluting industries on the planet — even though it could be one of the most powerful forces for good.
It’s easy for people to distance themselves from the problem. Most people aren’t farmers and don’t think about these issues daily. But it’s the food choices we make every day that feed into our farming practices.
Conventional farming practices focus on monocultures, genetically modified organism (GMO) seed use and pesticides, polluting both crops and groundwater, as well as conventional plowing methods that result in topsoil erosion. Regenerative farming practices use no pesticides and non-GMO seeds and focus on ecosystem diversity, crop rotation, composting and no-till cultivation (growing crops without disrupting the soil).
Data from a 2014 white paper from the Rodale Institute, a nonprofit that supports regenerative farming, suggests that we could soak up more than 100 percent of the current annual global carbon dioxide emissions with a full switch to regenerative agriculture.
The point: It’s our choice. And we make these decisions every day. As an economist, I have always believed that changing the economy starts with changing farming and food. Even though the recent movement for localizing farm and food cycles has changed the face of the industry across many regions, mainstream global agriculture is still in the grip of major companies like Monsanto that have built their business model around perpetuating the old model that makes farmers dependent on their pesticides, herbicides and GMO seeds.
As with the apples, this model damages the environment and people’s health, which society has to pay to fix. A 2011 water study in France, for example, found that the amount of tax money that the country was spending to clean up water that had been polluted through conventional farming, mainly because of pesticide use, was roughly equal to the amount spent on groceries nationally that year. In other words, if people paid the real cost of groceries, they would be paying about twice as much.
The same has been found for the U.K. A November 2017 study found the real costs of conventionally produced food in the U.K. are 100 percent higher than current market prices. Every British pound of food sales comes with another pound of hidden costs to society, through, among other repercussions, environmental pollution, ill health related to production and diet-related diseases.
If you add to this the shockingly high suicide rate among farmers — including in the U.S., where a 2016 study found that farming had the highest suicide rates of any profession — and the fact that three-quarters of the world’s 800 million people who suffer from hunger are farmers, you begin to see the irrationality of the current food system. This agricultural system destroys our planet, makes us sick and harms farmers physically and mentally. In short, we collectively create results that nobody wants.
At this point, you often hear the argument that, sure, there are these problems, but we need industrial agriculture to avoid dramatic food shortages.
That sounds right on the surface. But the hunger problem today is not a supply problem; it’s a distribution problem. Roughly one-third of the food produced in the world for human consumption every year gets lost or wasted.
“We have two or three times the amount of food right now that is needed to feed the number of people in the world,” said Joshua Muldavin, a geography professor at Sarah Lawrence College who focuses on food and agricultural instruction.
But people aren’t getting the food, said Emelie Peine, a professor of international politics and economy at the University of Puget Sound. “And even if [they] did, they don’t have enough money to buy it,” she added. This is true in many developed countries too. An estimated 1 in 6 Americans, nearly 50 million people, can’t afford to buy sufficient nutritious food to stay healthy, according to the Department of Agriculture.
Another key issue is diet: The less meat we eat, the more people we can feed. For example, when compared by available calories produced, beef requires 160 times as much land and eight times the water and produces 11 times the greenhouse gases as the average for potatoes, wheat and rice.
Regenerative agriculture could solve the world hunger problem if people ate a more balanced diet, including less beef, and if distribution problems were addressed appropriately. AdChoices
What’s needed is a transition strategy at scale that brings today’s global agricultural system into the 21st century, into an economic environment that is no longer blind to the issues of health, water, biodiversity and climate change.
I witnessed a small-scale version of such a transition on the family farm I grew up on. Sixty years ago, my parents decided to switch from conventional to regenerative methods of agriculture.
My father had read an article about the new form of agriculture in a journal. That piece of writing ignited a flame. But the moment my parents began to change the way they farmed, many of their friends and others in the community turned against them. They also experienced an extended period of poor harvests and economic hardship before they fully learned the new farming practices and created channels for direct sales.
What got them through was a new idea that allowed them to rethink their farm and their role as farmers in the context of a broader system. They also benefited from a core support system of a couple of friends and experts who provided practical and coaching support. And they learned how to link directly to conscious consumers willing to pay a fair price for more sustainably produced food.
It’s these support structures that are needed today. They exist as prototypes, such as the Sustainable Food Lab — a global network of organizations working on sustainable farming — but they are needed at a much larger scale.
What would it take to bring these kinds of changes to the scale of the whole system?
First, stop the massive subsidizing of industrial conventional farming and all the pollution that comes with it and redirect these resources to support regenerative farms and smallholders. Put a price on the use of pesticides. Reduce the massive use of antibiotics in livestock farming by 50 percent until 2020. And replicate transition support structures like the Sustainable Food Lab across regions to bring together all the key players that need to collaborate in order to make sustainable food practices mainstream.
And last, we should never forget that this whole transition starts with our food choices, with the journey from farm to fork that gets triggered and reinforced by the everyday food choices that we make.
Source

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submitted by AgroTechFarmICO to u/AgroTechFarmICO [link] [comments]

New York law firm opens Houston office led by former Baker Botts partner

New York-based law firm Shearman & Sterling LLP has opened its second Texas office in Houston after rumors surfaced earlier this year.
https://preview.redd.it/t2m4n0i65wv01.png?width=655&format=png&auto=webp&s=9922f1b71f3436eadf4735875230cdf529c5a328
The office, at 1100 Louisiana St., opened May 3, according to a press release, and is 22,986 square feet. It houses six partners, who came from Baker Botts LLP, Thompson & Knight LLP and Jones Day.
With the Houston office, Shearman & Sterling will significantly expand its existing global energy capabilities with a focus on oil and gas transactions and projects, per the release. That will complement the firm’s existing global energy group, particularly in Asia, the Middle East, Europe and Latin America.
“Our new Houston team’s tremendous reputation, particularly in upstream, midstream and downstream oil and gas transactions, provides great synergies with our existing global energy offering and bolsters our client offering on the ground in one of the world’s leading, and extremely active, energy markets,” David Beveridge, Shearman & Sterling’s senior partner, said in the release. “The launch of our Houston office advances our growth plans in the United States while furthering the firm’s industry group strategy.”
So far, the new Houston team includes:
Hugh Tucker, the former chairman of the Oil & Gas and Projects practices at Baker Botts, now leads Shearman & Sterling’s Texas practice. He advises on complex transactions in the oil and gas, chemical and energy industries, including acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and project development and financing.
Jeremy Kennedy joined from Baker Botts. His practice focuses on upstream, midstream and downstream transactions in the domestic and international energy and petrochemical sectors, including acquisitions, divestitures, joint ventures and project development.
Coleson Bruce joined from Baker Botts. He focuses on complex commercial transactions in the energy industry, including the acquisition and divestiture of energy companies and assets, joint venture / development arrangements and the evaluation and structuring of proposed transactions.
Sarah McLean joined from Thompson & Knight. She focuses on private equity transactional work in the oil and gas sector, particularly portfolio company investments and acquisitions and divestitures of upstream, midstream and downstream assets and companies.
Todd Lowther joined from Thompson & Knight. He focuses on U.S. federal and state tax matters arising in connection with M&A and fund-related transactions, with a particular emphasis on tax planning for upstream, midstream and downstream energy transactions.
Omar Samji will join from Jones Day. He advises public and private oil and gas companies in the upstream, midstream and downstream sectors on mergers, acquisitions and dispositions, project development, joint ventures and other business combinations.
In March, Shearman & Sterling opened its first Texas office in Austin. McLean and Bruce will split their time between Houston and Austin.
Back in January, the New York Law Journal reported that Shearman & Sterling was eyeing an expansion to Texas — along with White & Case LLP, which also opened a Houston office in early 2018. The next month, Texas Lawyer reported that Tucker was expected to move to Shearman & Sterling’s future Houston office.
Shearman & Sterling has more than 850 lawyers in 22 offices across more than a dozen countries.
Source

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Practically all cryptocurrencies including Bitcoin, Ethereum, Bitcoin Cash, Litecoin, Dash, and NEM lost over 5 percent, with Ripple facing the largest decline in value at 12.56 percent. And though experts don’t name any certain reasons that could cause such a notable drop, it could be prompted by the U.S. Commodity Futures Trading Commission which said virtual “tokens” used in initial ... Download "Sarah McLachlan - Surfacing [1997][CD+SkidVid+Cov]" torrent (Audio). Download millions of torrents with TV series, movies, music, PC/Playstation/Wii/Xbox games and more at Bitsnoop. The Bitcoin Podcast #312-Emin Gün Sirer CEO of AVA LABS. Hashing It Out #84- Ava Labs Kevin Sekniqi and Stephen Buttolph. The Bitcoin Podcast #310- Jessica Angel Crypto Artist. DoE #43 - Break Free. What The Header #4- Hello, J.K. Rowling. The Bitcoin Podcast #309-Ian Kar FinTech Today. Hashing It Out #83-Panvala Niran Babalola . What The Header-#3- Nonce. The Bitcoin Podcast #308- Fazri ... 2.Bitcoin Classic: Bitcoin Classic is prevailing as a desktop wallet to store your currency keys. It is consistent with the operating system of Windows, Mac, and Linux. 3.Bitcoin Unlimited: Bitcoin Unlimited is a desktop wallet that supports the Bitcoin Cash. It is fully congruent with the Windows, Mac and Linux operating systems. 14.05.2013 - Entdecke die Pinnwand „Bitcoin Paper & Online News“ von Bitcoins Berlin. Dieser Pinnwand folgen 419 Nutzer auf Pinterest. Weitere Ideen zu Spionage, Rom, Bilder.

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Barring Huawei in Brazil? & PayPal Goes Big on Bitcoin ...

Auf YouTube findest du großartige Videos und erstklassige Musik. Außerdem kannst du eigene Inhalte hochladen und mit Freunden oder mit der ganzen Welt teilen. Finalmente anche PayPal si affaccia al mindo delle crypto e bitcoin! Dal 2021 sarà possibile detenere bitcoin e altre crypto in un wallet sulla piattaforma p... Surfacing se non ci sarà più il mio canale youtube vi lascio il link del mio server discord e ci vediamo lì. https://discord.gg/ZQhmbs9 BACK WITH SOME MOAR DEAD RISING MY BOYS. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uU4cYQeEj4A Join The Samurai http://bit.ly/1vKSGtU That Twitter Tho? https://twi...

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